Report to Congress on the Coastal Marine Regiment

Report to Congress on the Coastal Marine Regiment

The following is the May 14, 2024 Congressional Research Service Focus Report of the U.S. Marine Corps Marine Coastal Regiment (MLR).

From the report

On March 23, 2020, the United States Marine Corps (USMC) announced a major 10-year initiative, originally called “Force Design 2030” and now known as “Force Design.” Announcing the Force Design Initiative. As part of this initiative, the Marine Corps is redesigning the force to place greater emphasis on maritime expeditionary warfare to better align with the National Defense Strategy, particularly a strategy focused on strategic competition with China and Russia. ing. As part of the redesign, the Marine Corps plans to establish at least three Littoral Marine Regiments (MLR) that will be organized, trained, and equipped to perform a number of missions within contested maritime space. ing.

MLR’s mission

According to the Marine Corps, the MLR will be able to perform the following missions:

• Conduct Expeditionary Outpost Operations (EABO). This is a form of expeditionary warfare that involves the employment of naval expeditionary forces with low electronic and physical signatures that are relatively easy to maintain/maintain. Selected Marine and Navy units operate in a series of rigid temporary locations ashore within contested or potentially disputed waters to conduct sea control denial, support, sea control, and fleet sustainment operations. It is to be placed in

• Execute strike operations using various systems.

• Coordinate air and missile defense operations.

• Supports marine domain awareness.

• Support maritime surface warfare operations.

• Supports information manipulation.

MLR operating environment

The Marine Corps Commandant’s May 2022 Force Design 2030 Annual Update states:

The security environment is characterized by the proliferation of advanced sensors and precision weapons, coupled with increasing strategic competition. Potential adversaries have adopted systems and tactics to hold fleets and joint forces at arm’s length, using conflict areas as shields behind which they can launch various coercive measures against allies and partners. You can adopt strategies that allow you to:

Operating in this environment, the MLR is envisioned to function as what the Marine Corps calls a “stand-in-force” (SIF), allowing fleet and joint forces to conduct reconnaissance operations within war-torn areas of conflict. and is intended to help win counter-reconnaissance combat. Deep maritime defense.

Download the document here.

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